ACTIVE VOICE AND PASSIVE VOICE : आओ अंग्रेजी सीखें ( Let's Learn English) अध्याय - 4.1 "ACTIVE VOICE AND PASSIVE VOICE" का अभ्यास,

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 "ACTIVE VOICE AND PASSIVE VOICE" का अभ्यास,

Active voice - वाक्य जो सबजेक्ट की महत्वता को दर्शाता है। The sentence which shows the importance of the Subject.
Example - मैने क्रिकेट खेली। I played cricket.
Passive voice - वाक्य जो ओबजेक्ट की महात्वता को दर्शाता है। The sentence which shows the importance of the Object.
Example - क्रिकेट खेली गई मेंरे द्वारा। Cricket was played by me.

Active को Passive voice बनाते समय Subject को Object में और Object को Subject में change करते है। Verb किसी भी form में हो, उसको III form में बदल देते है।
Please remember these following rules and tables:
Given tenses cannot be changed into passive voice:
1.Present perfect continuous tense. 2.Past perfect continuous tense. 3.Future continuous tense.
4.Future perfect continuous tense. 5.Sentence having Intransitive verbs.
Learn-English-Tenses-In-Hindi Present Past Future
Simple is / are / am was / were will be / shall be
Continuous is / are / am + being was / were + being X
Perfect has / have + being had + being will have / shall have + being
Perfect continuous X X X

Subject To object
I Me
He Him
She Her
We Us
They Them
You You
It It
Name Name

Simple example of Active to passive voice.
Type Active/Passive Voice Present Past Future
Simple Active Voice I watch films every week. I watched a film yesterday. I will watch a film tomorrow.
Hindi मैं हर हफ्ते फ़िल्में देखता हूँ। मैंने कल एक फिल्म देखी। मैं कल एक फिल्म देखूंगा।
Passive Voice Films are watched by me every week. - A film was watched by me yesterday. A film will be watched by me tomorrow.
Hindi फ़िल्में देखी जातीं हैं मेंरे द्वारा हर हफ्ते। एक फिल्म देखी गई मेंरे द्वारा कल। एक फिल्म मेंरे द्वारा देखी जाएगी कल।
Continuous Active Voice I am watching a film now. I was watching a film yesterday.
Hindi मैं एक फिल्म देख रहा हूँ। मैं एक फिल्म देख रहा था कल।
Passive Voice A film is being watched by me now. A film was being watched by me yesterday.
Hindi एक फिल्म मेंरे द्वारा देखी जा रही है। मेंरे द्वारा एक फिल्म देखी जा रही थी कल।
Perfect Active Voice I have watched a film today. I had watched a film three years ago. I will have watched a film by 6 pm tomorrow.
Hindi मैंने आज एक फिल्म देख चूका हूँ। मैं एक फिल्म देख चुक था तीन साल पहले। मैं एक फिल्म देख चूका हूँगा कल ६ बजे तक।
Passive Voice A film has been watched by me today. A film had been watched by me three years ago. A film will have been watched by me by 6 pm tomorrow.
Hindi एक फिल्म देखि जा चुकी है मेंरे द्वारा आज। एक फिल्म देखी जा चुकी थी मेंरे द्वारा तीन साल पहले। एक फिल्म देखी जा चुकी होगी मेंरे द्वारा कल ६ बजे तक।
बचपन में सुनी होगी कहानी 'बिल्ली के गले में, घंटी कौन बांधे?'
इस कहानी को पढ़ें और हिन्दी में अनुवाद करने की कोशिश करें।
Mouse and Cat

There was a grocery shop in a city. Plenty of mice lived in that grocery shop. Food was in plenty for them. They ate everything and spoiled all the bags of the material. They also wasted the cheese, bread, biscuits and fruits of the shop.
The grocer got really worried and he started searching the solution of this problem. He got an idea "I should buy a cat and let it stay at the grocery. Only then I can save my things."
He bought a nice, big fat cat and let him stay there. The cat had a nice time hunting the mice and killing them in the shop. The mice could not move freely now. They were afraid that anytime the cat would eat them up.
The mice wanted to do something. One smart mouse invited to all mice. They held a meeting and all of them tweeted "We must get rid of the cat. Can someone give a suggestion?"
All the mice sat and brooded. A smart looking mouse stood up and said, "The cat moves softly. If we can tie a bell around her neck, then things will be fine. We can know the movements of the cat".
“Yes, that is nice answer,” stated all the mice. An old mouse slowly stood up and asked to all his friends,
"Who would tie the bell?"
After some moments there was no one there to answer this question.
दिये गये कार्टून चित्र को देखकर पहले हिन्दी में फिर, अब तक सीखे गये वाक्य बनाने के तरीको से इंगलिश में कहनी लिखे।
अभ्यास -
 1. किसी भी विषय पर इंगलिश में कहानी तैयार करें, फिर उसे रिकॉर्ड कर सुनें और गलतियों को सुधरने की कोशिश करें। कृपया, सही स्पेलिंग्स के साथ लिखे।
 2. मिरर के सामने बोलना सीखना जिससे  आपका आत्मविश्वास बडेगा।
3. टीवी मैं इंगलिश चैनल जैसे न्यूज, कार्टून फिल्म आदि देखे और साथ-साथ बोलने की कोशिश करें।
4. नये शब्दों की लिस्ट तैयार करें डिक्शनरी की हेल्प से।
5. इंगलिश न्यूज पेपर पढ़ते समय बोल-बोल कर पढ़े और जरूरत पड़ने पर डिक्शनरी की हेल्प लें।